The luteal phase is the last stage of the menstrual cycle and probably the one we feel the most. This phase starts on the day of ovulation and ends when the next period begins.
What happens during the luteal phase?
If conception is successful, the egg and the sperm meet. The two join together and the sperm fertilises the egg. When the egg reaches the uterus, it will attach itself to the lining and pregnancy will begin. The fertilised egg will become implanted in the uterus and develop an embryo and placenta, and eventually a baby grows.
What happens if an egg isn’t fertilised?
Whether fertilisation takes place or not, the follicle still releases the mature egg. Once it is released, the follicle closes and forms a hormone-secreting structure called the corpus luteum. This causes an increase in progesterone, which helps the uterus prepare for the implantation of embryo. If a pregnancy doesn’t occur, the corpus luteum will shrink and reabsorb into the body.
This leads to decreased levels of hormones and triggers menstruation. Thus bringing us full circle!
How do you feel during this phase of the cycle?
The luteal phase of the cycle is when most of us start to experience symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), which you can read more about here. It is not uncommon to feel easily irritated, sensitive, or in need of a break in general!
Luteal Smash playlist
For when you want to rage, scream, cry of all of the above.